How to pass text in a textbox to JavaScript function?

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How to pass text in a textbox to JavaScript function? – Even if we have a good project plan and a logical concept, we will spend the majority of our time correcting errors abaout javascript and html. Furthermore, our application can run without obvious errors with JavaScript, we must use various ways to ensure that everything is operating properly. In general, there are two types of errors that you’ll encounter while doing something wrong in code: Syntax Errors and Logic Errors. To make bug fixing easier, every JavaScript error is captured with a full stack trace and the specific line of source code marked. To assist you in resolving the JavaScript error, look at the discuss below to fix problem about How to pass text in a textbox to JavaScript function?.

Problem :

Suppose I have the following HTML code, how can I pass the user’s input to execute(str) JavaScript function as an argument?


<input name="textbox1" type="text" />
<input name="buttonExecute" onclick="execute(//send the user's input in textbox1 to this function//)" type="button" value="Execute" />


Solution :

You could either access the element’s value by its name:

document.getElementsByName("textbox1"); // returns a list of elements with name="textbox1"
document.getElementsByName("textbox1")[0] // returns the first element in DOM with name="textbox1"


<input name="buttonExecute" onclick="execute(document.getElementsByName('textbox1')[0].value)" type="button" value="Execute" />

Or you assign an ID to the element that then identifies it and you can access it with getElementById:

<input name="textbox1" id="textbox1" type="text" />
<input name="buttonExecute" onclick="execute(document.getElementById('textbox1').value)" type="button" value="Execute" />

As opposed to passing the text as a variable, you can use the DOM to retrieve the data in your function:

var text = document.getElementsByName("textbox1").value;

You could just get the input value in the onclick-event like so:


You would of course have to add an id to your textbox

This is what I have done. (Adapt from all of your answers)

<input name="textbox1" type="text" id="txt1"/>
<input name="buttonExecute" onclick="execute(document.getElementById('txt1').value)" type="button" value="Execute" />

It works. Thanks to all of you. đŸ™‚

if I have understood correct the question :

<TITLE>Passing values</TITLE>
Give a number :<input type="number" id="num"><br>
<button onclick="MyFunction(num.value)">Press button...</button>
function MyFunction(num) {
   document.write("<h1>You gave "+num+"</h1>");


You can get textbox value and Id by the following simple example in dotNet programming

         <script type="text/javascript">
             function GetTextboxId_Value(textBox) 
                 alert(textBox.value);    // To get Text Box Value(Text)
                 alert(;      // To get Text Box Id like txtSearch
 <input id="txtSearch" type="text" onkeyup="GetTextboxId_Value(this)" />  </body>

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