How to copy all items from one array into another?

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How to copy all items from one array into another? – Even if we have a good project plan and a logical concept, we will spend the majority of our time correcting errors abaout javascript and arrays. Furthermore, our application can run without obvious errors with JavaScript, we must use various ways to ensure that everything is operating properly. In general, there are two types of errors that you’ll encounter while doing something wrong in code: Syntax Errors and Logic Errors. To make bug fixing easier, every JavaScript error is captured with a full stack trace and the specific line of source code marked. To assist you in resolving the JavaScript error, look at the discuss below to fix problem about How to copy all items from one array into another?.

Problem :

How can I copy every element of an array (where the elements are objects), into another array, so that they are totally independent?

I don’t want changing an element in one array to affect the other.

Solution :

The key things here are

  1. The entries in the array are objects, and
  2. You don’t want modifications to an object in one array to show up in the other array.

That means we need to not just copy the objects to a new array (or a target array), but also create copies of the objects.

If the destination array doesn’t exist yet…

…use map to create a new array, and copy the objects as you go:

const newArray = => /*...create and return copy of `obj`...*/);

…where the copy operation is whatever way you prefer to copy objects, which varies tremendously project to project based on use case. That topic is covered in depth in the answers to this question. But for instance, if you only want to copy the objects but not any objects their properties refer to, you could use spread notation (ES2015+):

const newArray = => ({...obj}));

That does a shallow copy of each object (and of the array). Again, for deep copies, see the answers to the question linked above.

Here’s an example using a naive form of deep copy that doesn’t try to handle edge cases, see that linked question for edge cases:

If the destination array exists…

…and you want to append the contents of the source array to it, you can use push and a loop:

for (const obj of sourceArray) {

Sometimes people really want a “one liner,” even if there’s no particular reason for it. If you refer that, you could create a new array and then use spread notation to expand it into a single push call:

destinationArray.push( => copy(obj)));

Easy way to get this working is using:

var cloneArray = JSON.parse(JSON.stringify(originalArray));

I have issues with getting arr.concat() or arr.splice(0) to give a deep copy. Above snippet works perfectly.

A great way for cloning an array is with an array literal and the spread syntax. This is made possible by ES2015.

const objArray = [{name:'first'}, {name:'second'}, {name:'third'}, {name:'fourth'}];

const clonedArr = [...objArray];

console.log(clonedArr) // [Object, Object, Object, Object]

You can find this copy option in MDN’s documentation:

It is also an Airbnb’s best practice.

Note: The spread syntax in ES2015 goes one level deep while copying an array. Therefore, they are unsuitable for copying multidimensional arrays.

var clonedArray = array.concat();

If you want to keep reference:

Array.prototype.push.apply(destinationArray, sourceArray);

There are two important notes.

  1. Using array.concat() does not work using Angular 1.4.4 and jQuery 3.2.1 (this is my environment).
  2. The array.slice(0) is an object. So if you do something like newArray1 = oldArray.slice(0); newArray2 = oldArray.slice(0), the two new arrays will reference to just 1 array and changing one will affect the other.

Alternatively, using newArray1 = JSON.parse(JSON.stringify(old array)) will only copy the value, thus it creates a new array each time.

I suggest using concat() if you are using nodeJS. In all other cases, I have found that slice(0) works fine.

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